Cave and Basin

On this day in 1885, Canada established its first national park. It was named after the Banffshire region in Scotland, where two of the original directors of the Canadian Pacific Railway were born. More than a century later, Banff remains the most popular national park in Canada, drawing more than four million visitors each year. There are many interesting things to see in the park, but Cave and Basin should be high on your list. These pools of mineral-rich water are the origin of Canada's park system. Long regarded as a sacred site for Indigenous peoples, the hot springs were eventually discovered by three railway workers: Franklin McCabe, Thomas McCardell, and his brother William McCardell

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